G20峰会知多少G20峰会简介 (中英文)

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G20峰会知多少G20峰会简介 (中英文)

  G20简介

  The G20 (or G-20 or Group of Twenty) is an

  international forum for the governments and G20峰会知多少G20峰会简介 (中英文) central bank governors from 20 major

  economies. It was founded in 1999 with the aim of studying, reviewing, and

  promoting high-level discussion of policy issues pertaining to the promotion of

  international financial stability. It seeks to address issues that go beyond the

  responsibilities of any one organization.The G20 heads of government or heads of

  state have periodically conferred at summits since their initial meeting in

  2008, and the group also hosts separate meetings of finance ministers and

  central bank governors.

  With the G20 growing in stature after its

  inaugural leaders summit in 2008, its leaders announced on 25 September 2009

  that the group would replace the G8 as the main economic council of wealthy

  nations. Since its inception, the G20s membership policies have been criticized

  by numerous intellectuals, and its summits have been a focus for major protests

  by anti-globalists, nationalists and others.

  The heads of the G20 nations met semi-annually

  at G20 summits between 2009 and 2010. Since the November 2011 Cannes summit, all

  G20 summits have been held annually.

  二十邦集团 (Group20)

  是1999年9月25日由八邦集团的财长正在华盛顿提出的,目标是制止相同亚洲金融风暴的重演,让相闭邦度就邦际经济、货泉策略进行非正式对话,以利于邦际金融和货泉系统的安稳。20邦集团从2008年起召开教导人峰会。跟着20邦集团的架构日渐成熟,而且为了响应新兴工业邦度的紧急性,20邦集团成员邦的教导人于2009年通告该结构将代替八邦集团成为环球经济合营的紧要论坛。

  成员邦

  The members

  include 19 individual countries—Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China,

  France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Russia,

  Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United

  States—along with the European Union (EU). The EU is represented by the European

  Commission and by the European Central Bank. Collectively, the G20 economies

  account for around 85% of the gross world product (GWP), 80% of world trade (or,

  if excluding EU intra-trade, 75%), and two-thirds of the world

  population.

  二十邦集团由美邦、英邦、日本、法邦、德邦、加拿大、意大利、俄罗斯、澳大利亚、中邦、巴西、阿根廷、墨西哥、韩邦、印度尼西亚、印度、沙特阿拉伯、南非、土耳其共19个邦度以及欧盟构成。这些邦度的邦民临蓐总值约占全宇宙的85%,人丁则快要宇宙总人丁的2/3。

  G20终究是一种什么类型的邦际机制?

  The G20 is the

  latest in a series of post-World War II initiatives aimed at international

  coordination of economic policy, which include institutions such as the "Bretton

  Woods twins", the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, and what is

  now the World Trade Organization. The G20 superseded the G33 (which had itself

  superseded the G22), and was foreshadowed at the Cologne Summit of the G7 in

  June 1999, but was only formally established at the G7 Finance Ministers

  meeting on 26 September 1999. The inaugural meeting took place on 15–16 December

  1999 in Berlin. Canadian finance minister Paul Martin was chosen to be the first

  chairman and German finance minister Hans Eichel hosted the inaugural

  meeting.

  凭据G20正在1999年降生时宣告的首份《G20公报》,“G20是布雷顿丛林系统框架内一种非正式对话的新机制”。从这段话中可看出,G20从属于布雷顿丛林系统,但与布雷顿丛林系统的IMF、WB等正式邦际机制分别,它是一种非正式邦际机制。

  非正式性是G20机制的性子,这就断定了G20正在秘书处兴办、议题兴办、机制架构、与非成员邦干系等方面必需选用与“非正式性”相配套的步调。这正在肯定水准上可能廓清咱们闭于若何发展G20筑章立制办事的少少疑惑。

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G20峰会知多少G20峰会简介 (中英文)

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